大家来看那类题型的观看情势,剩下的动词将要变作非谓语动词了

我们来看这类题型的考察形式,不可数名词指所表示的事物不能用数来计量,剩下的动词就要变作非谓语动词了

He is looked upon with the utmost scorn, both by his own kindred and
also by his neighbours.

2) You knew I would come。

2.that与which的用法区分

同义词转换:He is watched with the extreme disdain, both by his
relatives and by his neighourhood, too.

popular———more popular———most popular

方法二:正确判定先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状),也能准确选择出关系代词/
关系副词。

另外,还可以通过位置调换法来实现语义转换,尤其是定语成分和状语成分都可以调换来实现语义转换。例如:The
rose is planted in the garden。可以通过位置调换变为:The rose, in the
garden, is
planted。因为定语和状语的位置比较灵活,所以我们可以不按照原句的顺序进行改写。

名词性物主代词可作主语、表语、宾语。

3) Read this sentence carefully. “I’d like to introduce you to my sister
Clara, who lives in Madrid, to Benedict, my brother who doesn’t, and to
my only other sibling, Hilary.” Which of the following is correct?

再次,考生要掌握一定的语义转换技巧。语义转换技巧如下:*先是同义词的转换。把原句的词汇改写成近义词,这样就可以实现语义转换,但是这是不够的,因此,考生还要掌握其他语义转换方法。再次,词汇、短语和从句之间的相互转换,也就说,这三者在保持语义一致的情况下,可以相互转换。例如:John
is walking
quickly。在这句话中,quickly只是一个副词,这个单词可以转换成短语:in a
quick way,或者转化成从句:in a way that is quick。

概念:
表示从过去某一时间开始持续到现在的动作。这一动作可能是刚刚开始,也可能仍在继续,并可能延续到将来。

引导定语从句的关系代词主要有that、which、who、whom、whose,其中whom引导的是宾格,whose引导的是所有格。

其次,还可以使用词性的变化,也就是说:动词、形容词、副词或者名词之间可以在保持语义不变的情况下相互转换。

单数 he him his his himself

④ regret to do对要做的事遗憾,regret doing对做过的事遗憾、后悔

如何做好MTI考试中的语义转换?希望以上的内容能够对你有所帮助。

2.4 目的、结果状语从句

Not knowing what to do, he went to his parents for help.

如何做好MTI考试中的语义转换?

4.1 数字的表示

② stop to do 停止、中断(某件事),目的是去做另一件事。stop doing
停止正在或经常做的事

值得注意的是:以上方法要结合起来使用,这样转换的效果更佳。

用法:
过去将来时除了上下文暗示外,一般常用在间接引语中,主句谓语动词为过去时态。

四六级备考阶段考生容易忽略对语法知识的总结,而考试时语法又是一大关键,定语从句在四六级考试中非常常见,也是考试的重点语法,这里辅导老师为大家总结出来了详细的定语从句的语法知识,希望对大家考前的复习有帮助。

合并法或者拆分法:He, is looked upon with the utmost scorn, both by his
relative, and by his neighbours.

构成: 主语 + 助动词 (have / has ) + been + 动词-ing +…

“was” 后要用分词 “sitting” 。

词性的变化:He get a look with the utmost scorn, both by his own kindred
and also by his neighbours.

1,000以上的数字,从后向前第三位数加一个“,”,第一个“,”前为thousand,第二个“,”前为million,第三个“,”前为billion。

acknowledge,admit ,dislike, advocate,complete,appreciate
,avoid,enjoy,delay,escape,deny

再者,还可以使用合并法或者拆分法。合并法可以通过并列连接词以及从属连接词来连接用逗号隔开的句子成分。拆分法就是用标点符号来实现拆分合并的句子。

F。用在乐器名称前。

lily思维英语怎么样

词汇、短语和从句之间的相互转换:He is looked upon utmostly scornfully,
and his own kindred and also his neighbours did that to him.

2.2 原因状语从句:在一个句子中作原因语的句子。

4.判定关系代词与关系副词

位置调换法:Both by his own kindred and also by his neighbours, he is
looked upon with the utmost scorn.

初中三年必须学会的英语语法

b)先行词有the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时

在大多数的MTI考试中会出现语义转换这类题型,那么应该怎样应对呢?*先,我们来看这类题型的考察形式。纵观各大院校对这种题型的考察,我们发现主要有两种考察形式:单*句子以及从文章中抽出句子。如果是考察单*句子,那么,考生可以不用顾及上下文的语法,直接进行语义转换;如果是从文章中抽出一定数量句子,考生则需要估计以前后句子的语法,也就是说,考生要写出语**确的语义转换句子。

其余变化和形容词类似。

关系词的选择依据在从句中所做的成分,先行词在从句中做主、定、宾语时,选择关系代词(who,
whom,that, which, whose);先行词在从句中做状语时,应选择关系副词
(where 地点状语,when 时间状语,why 原因状语)。

以上是介绍的语义转换方法,为了更清楚的说明问题,下面举例说明:

如:He told me that he liked playing football(一般过去时)

【正确答案:1】←答案反白可见

MTI考试中有不同的题型,语义转换如何解答?接下来小编带你看方法。

时间状语的连接词:when(当…时候) while(当…时候) as(当…时候)
after(在…以后) before(在…以前) as soon as(一…就)
since(自从…到现在) till /until(直到…

It took me only five minutes to finish the job.

A。宾语从句的连接词后加陈述语序(主语在前,谓语在后),如:I want to
know if he can come tomorrow

分号用来连接两个独立的子句,这时句中不会出现”and”
或”but”等连词。最后一句用冒号或破折号更好。

(4) 副词的最高级前面可以不加定冠词the。

All the Greeks, who are philosophers, are very clever. (非限制性)

D。
三餐饭、球类、棋类、游戏名称前一般不用冠词。正在有些词组中,有无冠词含义不同。

这个定语从句分写成简单句是:This is the kind of tedious nonsense. I will
not put up with the nonsense.

3.4 名词前不用冠词的情况

③ remember to do 记住去做某事(未做),remember doing记得做过某事(已做)

B。当连接词本身又是宾语从句的主语时,后面直接加谓语动词,如:She asked
me who had helped him。

这句话语序混乱表达不清。”dangling participle”
指的是垂悬分词,是”misplaced modifier”
(修饰错位)的一种,涉及分词形式; “fallen
subjunctive”是“错用虚拟”,本句没有用到虚拟语气。

表示过去在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作。它表示的动作发生的时间是”过去的过去”。表示过去某一时间可用by,
before 等构成的短语,也可用when, before,
等引导的从句或者通过上下文表示。

(2)不定式做主语,一般用it当形式主语,把作主语的不定式短语后置。

如: He always went to work by bike last week。

3.关系副词引导的定语从句

2.1 时间状语从句:在一个句子中作时间状语的句子。

但是这里要指出的是,假如介词和Which搭配在一起并不表示以上三种意思,则我们只能留存介词+Which的形式。如
I know English in which I wrote the love letter.

(2)当形容词带有表示度量的词或词组作定语或表语时,定语或表语要后置。如:

  1. The book (that/which) we bought last year is now very popular.

  2. We can see the boys (who/whom/that) the teacher is talking with are
    quite happy.

B。表示几个人共有一样东西,只需在最后一个人的名字后加’
s若表示各自所有,则需在各个名字后’ s。

⑥ mean to do打算,有意要…,mean doing意味着

4.3分数分子在前,分母在后,分子用基数词,分母用序数词,当分子大于1小时,分母序数词要变成复数。

“Who’s” 是 “who is”的缩写,而 “whose”
则指某物为某人所有。句中描述花园主人时用的是单数,所以需要用单数加所有格符号”‘s”.

it it its its itself

上述感觉动词与使意动词转换为被动结构时.其后的不定式一般需带to,

如: 1) I should go。

⑤ try to do努力、企图做某事,try doing试验、试一试某种办法

The hole is about two metres deep。

更多四六级语法复习:

从句的共同特点

I don’t know what to do.我不知道该怎么办。(宾语)

C。 名词前有物主代词、指示代词、不定代词或名词所有格修饰时,不用冠词。

  1. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “-ing”.

常和 always , often , usually , sometimes , every day
等表时间的状语连用。

非谓语形式有三种:1、动词不定式:to do 2、动词的ing : doing
3、动词的过去分词:done。其中不定式表示目的和将来;动词的ing表示主动和进行;过去分词表示被动和完成。

第三人称

  1. Modal2. Gerund3. Imperative

C用在单数可数名词前面,表示某一类人或事物。

沪江英语小编:上面的10道题大家都答对了几道?下面是BBC网站对题目答案给出的解释:

让步状语从句是指在句子中作让步的状语的句子

abc360伯瑞英语和阿卡索外教网哪个好

第一人称单数

1)先行词是表示地点名词时(country, school,
room…),而关系词代替先行词在定语从句中充当地点状语,一般用where引导定语从句。也可以用介词+which的结构。值得留意的是which前的介词选择是根据先行词与介词的搭配关系而定。

(1)形容词作定语一般要放在名词前面,但当形容词修饰不定代词something,nothing,anything时要放在所修饰的不定代词之后。如:something
important,nothing serious。

二、非谓语动词的时态和语态

5。名词性从句

例如:We depend on the land from which we get our food.

三。基本从句

大家都知道英语中动词一般是用来做谓语的,但是当一句话中已经有了谓语动词时,剩下的动词就要变作非谓语动词了,因此非谓语动词在英语中很常见,关于非谓语动词的语法知识自然就要大家能够熟练掌握,然而其中涉及动词的变位、搭配等问题,有一定的难度,接下来老师为大家整理了非谓语动词语法知识,考试前大家抓紧掌握吧。

A。 在专有名词 (包括人名、地名、节日、月份、季节)
、物质名词和抽象名词前—般不用冠词。但在以Festival组成的民间节日前要加the。

4) Less and fewer often cause people grief. Which of the following is
wrong?

宾语从句的特点:

10) “The Queen arrived at the castle with the King by her side, in a
dress adorned with hand-sewn embroidered dragons.” What kind of mistake
is this?

构成: 1) 主语(第一人称) + 助动词should + 动原 +…

关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词,在从句中作状语。

形容词性物主代词后面一定要跟上一个名词。

c)先行词为序数词、数词、形容词最高级。

连接词: that, whether ,if (不充当从句的任何成分)

完成式:不定式:主动to have done ,被动to have been done;ing
形式:主动having done,被动having been done

三位数数词要在百位和十位(若无十位则和个位)之间加and。

英语四级语法复习:倒装结构

举例:If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go hiking。

1) The man next door has a garden that is being overrun with cats. Which
of the following questions is correct?

(3) 少数副词的不规则变化:

(1)疑问词+不定式结构

1。名词

【正确答案:2】←答案反白可见

1.1 名词的可数与不可数

  1. “That” defines something, whereas “which” adds new information in a
    separate clause, often needing commas.

5。形容词、副词

What I would suggest is to start work at once.我的建议是立刻开始干。

概念: 表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作。
这一特定的过去时间除了有上下文暗示外,一般用时间状语来表示。

英语四级六级语法复习:情态动词

构成: 1) 主语 + 助动词will + 动原 +…

【正确答案:2 】←答案反白可见

D。以f,fe结尾的,去掉f或fe,变成v再加-es

  1. Here it links two independent clauses. You do not use it before a
    conjunction such as “and” or “but”. A colon or dash would work better in
    the last sentence.

D。用在由普通名词和另外一些词所构成的专有名词前面。

疑问词who,what,which,when,where和how后加不定式可构成一种特殊的不定式短语。它在句中可以用作主语、宾语、表语和双重宾语。

little —— less —— least

分词做表语有两种情况,一种是现在分词做表语,一种是过去分词做表语,这两者区别是考试中经常考到的地方。

从以上定义中我们可以得出关于从句的一个最大特点:从句是句子。

  1. Don’t start a sentence with but.2. Avoid splitting an infinitive.3.
    Never end a sentence with a preposition.

B。 指谈话双方都知道的人或事物前面。

  1. Fallen subjunctive2. Misplaced modifier3. Dangling participle

one,some,any,other,another,all,both,each,neither,many,much等

I can tell you where to get this
book.我可以告诉你哪里可以买到此书。(双重宾语)

如: I went to a movie yesterday。 我昨天去看了一场电影。

例如:I appreciate having been given the opportunity to study abroad two
years ago.

B。 表示一类人或事物的复数名词前。

(2)动名词作表语:动名词作表语,表示抽象的一般性的行为。

They are watching TV now。

  1. The story is apocryphal. It is likely that the comment came from a
    memorandum written by one of Churchill’s civil servants.

3) They were going to Naning。

(3)分词作表语

E。用在姓氏的复数形式前面,表示全家人或这一姓的夫妇二人。

【正确答案:2】←答案反白可见

龙8客户端下载 ,A。一般情况下加-s。

9) Which of the following is not correct?

I me my mine myself

SP: (1) why的先行词reason或可用that
指代的名词也是定语从句的原因状语时,关系代词或关系副词可以省略。例如:

②宾语从句用陈述语序

The pupils will get confused if they are made to learn too
much.如果要学生学得太多,他们会感到糊涂的。

in, at, on, before,after,till,since,for, fromto, until, by,in
the middle of,at the beginning of, at the end of,at half past
five,at night,in a week,in the morning,in class,at sunrise, in
spring/summer/autumn/winter,on Sunday,on Saturday afternoon,on a
winter evening,for a long time,for two months,after school,since
liberation,before lunch,at the time of,at the age of。

The novel given by the professor mainly discusses the development of
Chinese economy.

如: This is Lucy and Licy’ s room。

(2)有些动词后使用动名词和动词不定式作宾语的差别

can do it myself。

一般式:不定式:主动to do ,被动to be done ; ing 形式:主动doing
,被动being done ;过去分词:被动done

she her her hers herself

puzzling令人费解的–puzzled感到费解的

结构:“no matter +特殊疑问词疑问词+陈述语序”
或“特殊疑问词+后缀ever+陈述语序”

To see is to believe.百闻不如一见。

单数 you you your yours yourself

  1. 不定式和动名词作主语的区别

如:1.He says the moon goes around the earth。

  1. The win against Australia might have been a turning point, but it
    didn’t turn out like that2. The win against Australia may have been a
    turning point, but it didn’t turn out like that

2.3 条件状语从句

例如:The last place that I visited was the hospital.

go to school去上学;go to the school去那所学校;in hospital住院;in the
hospital在那个医院里

① 在表示生理感觉的动词后的不定式不带to。

才) by the time(到…为止)依旧是连接词后加陈述语序。

一、定语从句的概念

1.2 名词复数的规则变化

例如:The tree, which is four hundred years old, is very famous here.

用法 例句

定语从句是指在复合句中,修饰限定某一名词或代词的从句。

连接副词:when、where、why

我们学习英语时最常接触的就是语法,那么你对所有格写法、分号、和分词结构究竟懂多少呢?BBC网站最近发布了十道语法测试题,难住了不少人。赶快来看看你能拿到多少分吧!

结果状语从句连接词 so…that, such…that, so much/many…that引导。

a)当先行词由不定代词anything, nothing, the one, all, much, few, any,
little等代替时,关系代词只能用that而不能用which 。例如:There is nothing
that I can do

—I was jumping。

【正确答案:3】←答案反白可见

2) He is always like that 。 他总是那样。 (表状态)

5.限定性从句和非限定性从句

C。客观真理一般现:客观真理永远用一般现在时。

③ 在do nothing/anything/everything but(except)结构中。

结果状语从句是指在一个句子中充当结果状语的句子

可数名词用“fewer”,不可数名词用“less”。句中“coffees”指的是“几杯咖啡”。

概念: 表示在过去将来的某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态。

1)只能用that,不能用which作为定语从句关系代词的情况

8。现在完成进行时

我们前面说到连接词在定语从句中充当一个成分,有可能是主语、有可能是宾语,我相信大家肯定还记得,这里我们要告诉大家,当这些连接词充当的是宾语时,可以省略。例如:

如:the worker‘s bike,the Children’ s ball

2)非限制性定语从句还能将整个主句作为先行词, 对其进行润饰,
这时从句谓语动词要用第三人称单数。例如:The traffic of Beijing is quite
bad, which is known to everyone.

1。宾语从句

三、非谓语动词的复合结构

如:1) I go to school every day 。 我每天都去学校。(表经常)

动词的基本用法是作谓语。当句中已经有了谓语动词了,要选或要填的动词就只能用非谓语形式了。

far —— farther —— farthest

  1. To use “was” requires the participle “sitting” after it.

These are Kate‘s and jack’ s rooms。

2)先行词是表示时间名词时,而关系词代替先行词在定语从句中充当时间状语,一般用when引导定语从句。也可以用介词+which的结构。值得留意的是when前的介词选择是根据先行词与介词的搭配关系而定。

②宾语从句的语序;

华尔街英语培训价格

如:That she was chosen made us very happy。

His hobby is collecting stamps.他的爱好是集邮。

5。一般将来时

1)定语从句有限制性和非限制性两种。限制性定语从句是先行词不可缺少的部门,去掉它主句意思往往不明确;非限制性定语从句是先行词的附加说明,去掉了也不会影响主句的意思,它与主句之间通常用逗号分开。例如:

A。单数名词词尾加’s,复数名词词尾若没有s,也要加’s。

Given more attention, the trees could have grown better.

4.4 Hundreds(thousands,millions)of……

  1. My uncle’s whiskers are magnificent indeed; but I have no desire to
    stroke them.2. Landing a plane isn’t hard; I once saw a child do it.3.
    There are two countries beginning with Z; Zimbabwe and Zambia.

6.2 表示地点的介词及介词短语?

例如:This is the first composition that he has written in English.

指示代词的特殊用法:

② 如果主语是不定式(表示条件),表语也要是不定式(表示结果)。

badly —— worse —— worst

(1)有少数动词只能用动名词作宾语

举例:so…that 如此…以至于

satisfying令人满意的—satisfied感到满意的

构成: 主语 + 助动词 ( have / has ) + 动词过去分词 +…

例如:You must buy me the house which is near Xiangshan.

A。用在世界上独一无二的事物或方位名词前。

  • such as water in the river – use less.

概念: 表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。

  1. There’s less water in the river these days2. I eat fewer than five
    apples a week3. I drink less than three coffees a day

一。 词法

由句子可知,胜利并未带来预期的转折点。因此要用假设语气更强的”might”,只有在”turning
point”真正出现时才可以用”may”。

well —— better —— best

方法一:用关系代词还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面无宾语,就必需要求用关系代词;而不及物动词则要求用关系副词。

如:I have met the doctor who is in the No.1 hospital。

大家来看那类题型的观看情势,剩下的动词将要变作非谓语动词了。英语四级考试常考时态解析

构成: 1) 主语 + be (was / were ) +……

【正确答案:3】←答案反白可见

5.3 副词比较级的构成

When to start has not been decided.何时动身尚未决定。(主语)

6。介词

上面例句中的the
house就是后面定语从句所修饰或限定的词,叫先行词,定语从句放在先行词的后面。

不可数名词前一般不能用冠词a、an来表示数量,没有复数形式。要表示“一个……”这一概念,就须加a
piece
of这一类短语。要注意许多名词在汉语里看来是可数名词,在英语里却不可数。如:chalk,paper,bread,rice,grass,news
等。

(2)不带to的不定式

6。过去将来时

6) “This is the kind of tedious nonsense up with which I will not put!”
Which grammar rule was Winston Churchill supposed to have objected to?

反身代词的用法:一种是作宾语,由主语发出的动作又回到动作者本身。

一、非谓语动词的概念

原级 比较级 最高级

  1. This is a clause placed so awkwardly as to create ambiguity or
    misunderstanding. A dangling participle is a type of misplaced modifier
    involving a participle. Fallen subjunctive does not exist.

2。一般过去时

(1)现在分词与过去分词作状语的区别。

3.3 定冠词的特殊用法

二、关系词(连接词)

如:No matter what happened, he would not mind。

  • which的结构。

9。过去完成时

  1. That is the reason (for which/why) you dislike it.

  2. I wonder the reason (why/for which) he changed his mind.

①宾语从句有自己的连接词

我很感激两年前给我出国学习的机会。

如:I enjoyed myself at the
party。另一种是作名词或代词的同位语;用来加强语气。如:I

The novel which mainly discusses the development of Chinese economy was
given by the professor.

2。状语从句

The difficulty was how to cross the river.困难在于如何过河。(表语)

2.2 物主代词

“my brother”和 “who doesn’t”
之间没有用逗号隔开,暗示还有其他的兄弟,”who
doesn’t”只是限定修饰其中之一。如果 “my brother”
之后有逗号,说明只有一个兄弟。

在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词从句。名词从句的功能相当于名词词组,
它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中不同的语法功能,名词从句又可分别称为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。

但是,如果谓语动词不是“do
nothing,anything,everything”,那么but(except)所跟的不定式则仍须带to。

7。现在完成时

6.定语从句的省略

语法知识是在掌握一定量的单词和短语的基础上才能获得的。因此,单词的形态变化是语法学习的基础之基础。而九种基本时态和含有不复杂的状语从句
及宾语从句的复合句是初中毕业班学生学习的重点也是语法学习的难点。总之,语法部分是英语学习的重点和难点。语法知识掌握得好,将大大加快英语学习的进
程。本文归纳了词法、九种基本时态以及初中生需要掌握五种基本从句。希望对广大初三生们有所帮助。

  1. 非谓语动词常考的其它结构

3。现在进行时

7) Sometimes you should use “that” and sometimes “which”. Which sentence
here is wrong?

概念: 表示经常发生的动作或经常存在的状态。

  1. The absence of a comma before “who doesn’t” implies that there are
    other brothers. A comma after “my brother” would mean that there was
    only one brother.

G。 和某些形容词连用,表示某一类人或事物。

以上就是老师整理的非谓语动词的语法知识,内容虽然有点多,但是讲解得十分清晰,大家复习时用起来是很方便的,加上这一语法点非常实用,希望考生能够好好利用考前剩下的这段时间认真复习,争取一次过关!

举例:I didn’t go to school yesterday because I was ill。

d)先行词既有人,又有物时

3.2 定冠词的基本用法

引导定语从句的关系词有关系代词:that, which, who (宾格whom, 所有格whose)
和关系副词where, when,
why。关系词放在先行词和定语从句之间,起连接作用,同时还做定语从句的一个成分。

构成: 主语 + 助动词be(was/were) + 动词-ing形式构成。

  1. 不定式和分词作状语的区别

物主代词的用法:

这类词有: feel observe overhear watch listen to perceive notice see
look at hear

much —— more —— most

当关系代词充当从句主语时,也可以省略,但是省略后的从句要发生形式的变化,原从句若为主动语态,后面的动词结构要变成分词ing形式,原从句若为被动语态,后面的动词结构直接为过去动词结构。这种结构在英语语法中称为分词作定语。例如:

如: He is singing。

The boy was made to go to bed early.

(sit) at table就餐; sit at the table坐在桌边

例如:Last night I did nothing but watch TV.

2.1 人称代词

(1)动名词作主语时,通常用以表示一件已知的事或经验,不定式短语通常用来表示一件未完成的事或目的。

C用在江河、海洋、山脉、湖泊、群岛的名称前面。

例如:He talked about the teachers and schools that he had visited.

2。 She has been collecting stamps for about 6 years。

2)只用which不用that的情况

举例:when当…的时候(一般情况下主句是将来时的时候,从句要用一般现在时。)

(2) 表示方式的先行词way,其后的关系代词可用that也可省略,例如:

龙8客户端下载 1


过去分词作状语时,过去分词表示的动作是句子主语承受的动作,它们之间的关系是被动关系。

4。过去进行时

The novel which was given by the professor mainly discusses the
development of Chinese economy.

构成: 主语 + 助动词be(am/are/is) + 动词-ing形式构成。

8) Consider this sentence: “Do you mind my asking you?” Which of the
following does it include?

(2) 绝大多数副词借助more,most来构成比较级和最高级。

There was nothing for them to do but to remain silent.

复数 they them their theirs themselves

3)先行词是the
reason,而关系词代替先行词在定语从句中充当原因状语,一般用why引导定语从句。也可以用for

连接词: though, although。,whether…or not

(2) 关系代词充当从句主语

如: 1。 I have been sitting here for an hour。

进行式: 不定式to be doing

复数 you you your yours yourselves

“that” 用于定义某物状态、性质,而 “which”
会在从句中增添新的信息,并且时常会用逗号隔开。

5.1 形容词的位置

【正确答案:3】←答案反白可见

③宾语从句的时态

不定式的复合结构:for / of sb. to do sth.

2) —What was the boy doing when the UFO arrived?

On seeing the young child fell into the lake,Eric sprang to his
feet,and went on the rescue.

词和多音节词,在前面加more,most来构成比较级和最高级。如:

例如:I cannot forget the first day on which (=when) my family moved
into the city.

从句是指在一个句子中充当一个成分的句子,充当什么成分就叫什么从句,如:充当宾语就叫宾语从句,充当定语成分就叫定语从句。

  1. Who’s” is short for “who is”, whereas “whose” is used to describe
    items that belong to someone. The garden belongs to the neighbour
    (singular) so needs an apostrophe before the “s”.

复数 we us our ours ourselves

5) Which of the following sentences correctly contains a semi-colon?

目的状语从句是指在一个句子中充当目的状语的句子。

  1. 不定式、动名词和分词作表语的区别

1。一般现在时

Driving a car during the rush hour is
tiring.在高峰时刻开车令人厌烦。(经验)

概念:
表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如:
tomorrow, next week, next year, in the future等。

② 另一类是某些使役动词,如make, let,have等。

important—more important—most important

例如:Is this the reason for which (why) he refused our offer?

概念: 1) 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。

声明:沪江网高度重视知识产权保护,发现本网站发布的信息包含有侵犯其著作权的链接内容时,请联系我们,我们将做相应处理。

构成: 1) 主语 + be (am / are / is ) +……

【 正确答案:1】←答案反白可见

5.2 形容词的比较等级

  1. Everyone does not like the way (that) he talks.

  2. Do you know the way (that) the teacher treated his students.

1.3 名词的所有格

  1. 不定式和动名词作宾语的区别

(1)
单音节词和少数双音节词,在词尾加—(e)r,—(e)st来构成比较级和最高级。其他双音节

The novel mainly discussing the development of Chinese economy was given
by the professor.

2) 主语 + would + 动原 + …。

The argument is very convincing.他的论点很令人信服。

2) 主语 + be going to + 动原 + …。

  1. Hilary is male2. Hilary is female3. It’s impossible to know from the
    context

2.3 反身代词

2) Lots of people are confused about when to use “may” and when to use
“might”. Which one is better here?

注意:no matter 不能引导主语从句和宾语从句。

  1. Who’s cats are using our neighbours garden?2. Who’s cats’ are using
    our neighbours garden?3. Whose cats are using our neighbour’s garden?4.
    Whose cats are using our neighbours’ garden?

farthest furthest

例如:He wants to find the place in which (=where) he lived forty years
ago.

连接代词:who、which、whom、whose、that

① forget to do 忘记要去做某事(此事未做),forget
doing忘记做过某事(此事已做过或已发生)

如:the students’ books,the girls’ blouses

a)引导非限定性定语从句时

C。以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i再加-es

b)介词后用which

3.1不定冠词an用在元音读音开头(不是指元音字母)的词前,其余用不定冠词a。

以上就是老师为大家总结的关于四六级考试中定语从句的语法知识,内容看似复杂,实际上很容易掌握,对照题目来看很多疑惑都能引刃而解,考试中无论翻译还是作文当中都会频繁用到,希望考生能够完全掌握。

定语从句的连接词:

1. 关系代词引导的定语从句

C。 如果是通过在词尾加—s构成的复数形式的名词,只加’。


现在分词作状语时,现在分词的动作就是句子主语的动作,它们之间的关系是主动关系。

构成: 主语 + 助动词 had + 动词过去分词 +…

  1. I was sitting in the chair2. I sat in the chair3. I was sat in the
    chair

4。定语从句

I would have you know that I am ill.我想让你知道我病了。

2.5 不定代词

【正确答案:3】←答案反白可见

late —— later —— latest

动词 ing 形式的复合结构:宾格或所有格+doing (-ing
形式作主语时,用的所有格+doing)

(1) 单音节副词和个别双音节副词通过加-er,-est来构成比较级和最高级。

  1. The car which ran me over was speeding.2. The car that ran me over
    was speeding.3. The car, which was speeding, ran me over.

2) 主语 + 实义动词 + …

【正确答案:1】←答案反白可见

4.2 序数词除了first,second,third外,其余都在基数词尾加-th构成

All the Greeks who are philosophers are very clever. (限制性)

从句的共同特点:1。从句都有自己的连接词
2。从句都是陈述语序(陈述语序就是主语在前,谓语在后,如:He is a
teacher主语 He 在谓语is之前,因此是陈述语序,而Is he a teacher? 主语 He
在谓语is之后,因此不是陈述语序。)

  1. For “countable” things use fewer. For things that are not “countable”

表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。 —Have you had
your lunch yet?

(1)不定式作表语

二。九种基本时态

(1) 关系代词充当从句宾语

Mozart started writing music when he was four years old。

  1. The use of may or might varies according to context. In this case,
    because the victory did not result in a turning point, one chooses the
    more hypothetical might. May would be correct only if the turning point
    had happened.

用法 例句

gerund:动名词;指由动词加”-ing”变为名词的情况。

A。主现则从任:主句如果是一般现在时,则从句根据时间状语需要从八种时态中任选一种,如:1.He
tells me he likes English very much(一般现在时)

① 不定式作表语一般表示具体动作,特别是表示将来的动作。

引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:

(2)this,that有时可代替句子或句子中的一部分。

(另外:名词+of+名词名词是有生命的,我们就用’s结构来表示所有关系。如果名词所表示的事物是无生命的,我们就要用名词+of+名词的结构来表示所有关系。)

I had finished my homework when my mom came back home。

①宾语从句的连接词:宾语从句的连接词包括that、if/whether(是否)、特殊疑问词。

in,at,into,to,on,beside,before,behind,above,under,outside,inside,up,from,far,from,near,across,
off, down, among, past,between,out of,around,in the front of, in
the middle of, at the back of,at the foot of,at home,at the gate,at
the table,in the sky, on the ground,in a tree, in the south,in the
sun,in the bed,on one’s way home,by the side of。

—He was sleeping。

B。以s, x, ch, sh, 结尾的加-es

举例:Although he is rich, yet he is not happy。

2) 也可表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。

3) 主语 + was/ were going to +动原…

定语是指在句子中用来修饰名词、代词的成分

宾语从句是指在一个句子中充当宾语的句子,如:He said that he wanted to be
a teacher when he grew up。

常和表示过去的时间状语连用。 如: yesterday , last week , in 1998 ,
two days ago等。

(5) 常用句型有like A better than B和like A(the)best of(in)…

3。冠词

4。数词

第二人称

如: 1) —What were you doing?

A。用在重新提到的人或事物前面。

3.no matter从句

连接代词:what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which

They are going to play basketball next week。

人称代词,物主代词,反身代词,指示代词,不定代词

目的状语从句连接词so that, so…that , in order that 引导。

2。代词:

2.5 让步状语从句

连接词:if如果, unless (=if not) 除非。(让步)

连接词:由连词because, since, as引导, 也可由for, now that 等词引导。

6.1 表示时间的介词及介词短语?

B。主过则从过:主句如果是一般过去时,则从句根据时间状语需要从四种带“过”字的时态中任选一种,带“过”字的时态分别是如:一般过去时,过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时。

连接副词:when, where, how, why

B。 用在序数词、形容词的最高级及only所修饰的名词前。

We have dug a hole two meters deep。

定语从句是指在一个句子中作定语的句子,定语从句要放在所修饰的词后

2) 主语 + 实义动词过去式 +

反身代词的构成分两种:第一、二人称反身代词在形容词:性物主代词后加上self或selves,第三人称的反身代词在宾格代词后加上self或selves。

(1)为了避免重复,可用that,those代替前面提到过的名词,但是this,these不可以。

如:I will give my teacher a bunch of beautiful
flower。(中beautiful就是定语)

③宾语从句的时态,只要记住以下口诀就可以了“主现则从任,主过则从过,客观真理一般现”

如: He will go shopping tomorrow。

The scientist’s report was so instructive that we were all very
excited。

可数名词指表示的人或事物可以用数来计量,它有单数与复数两种形式。不可数名词指所表示的事物不能用数来计量。物质名词与抽象名词一般无法用数目,来统计,都成为不可数名词。

2.4 指示代词

—Yes, I have。 (现在我不饿了)